One of the very first basic understandings an individual comes across in the cannabis industry is the difference between the three main types of cannabis; Indica, Sativa, and Ruderalis. If we could, for this post in particular, focus on Indica.
The structure of an Indica cannabis plant is very atypical. Commonly, these plants are considered short, but grow outwardly in a bush like fashion. The leaves on an Indica plant are wide and in many cases densely populated across the plant. Typically, these plants grow faster than their Sativa counterpart and generally can be documented to having shorter flowering cycles.
The vast difference in structure of the Indica plant can be attributed to the location in which Indica typically grew. An Indica plant, as stated earlier, grows shorter and faster making Indica perfect for areas with a shorter summer and colder climate. One can notice an Indica plant turn purple as the temperature drops, not to say all purple cannabis plants are Indica or vice versa. Yet, the purple is due to anthocyanins, which are molecules, and are said to help a variety of plants native to extreme tempteratures. The anthocyanins can be documented in slowing the death of cells within a plant as temperatures drop.
It would be almost impossible to talk about the effects of Indica without mentioning cannabinoids and terpenes.
The endocannabinoid system within the human body is responsible for interacting with cannabinoids. Although there are many cannabinoids, the two most commonly known are Tetrhydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). THC gives the user the psychoactive high most commonly associated with cannabis. CBD gives the user a body high associated with anti-anxiety and pain relief.
As most would agree, cannabis has a very distinct odor, this odor is called terpenes. The terpenes can range in smell from fruity, citrus, earthy, and other variety of smells. Although the smell is generally how cannabis strains are distinctive from one another, the effects of terpenes are not yet fully understood.
Indica is most commonly known for its couch-lock effects where users experience a state of relaxation. The Indica variety is known for its higher percent of CBD leading to its anti-stress and body relaxation effects. Although Indica is said to have a higher percent of THC, this has not always been the case. The common misconception comes from the immobile like effects of Indica and is why it is suggested to be used at night.
When I was first introduced to cannabis, Indica was always my go to. I was a big fan of purple kush. I enjoyed the mellow relaxation it gave me. The anti-anxiety effect was mainly why I used Indica. Personally, I enjoy music far more using the Indica varieties. However, I do not use Indica very often these days almost for the same reason I originally used it. Some of the negative aspects of Indica included, for me; loss of concentration, lack of ambition, and sleepiness.